La prévention de la cyberintimidation

Les écoles peuvent adopter une approche proactive visant à encourager un comportement respectueux en ligne ainsi qu’à prévenir la cyberintimidation.

Les 8 étapes d’une approche complète contre la cyberintimidation
1. Encouragez la participation lors de la planification : Incorporez les problèmes de cyberintimidation dans votre planification de la sécurité de vos écoles. Lors de votre comité scolaire sur la sécurité, retenez la participation de professionnels de la technologie dans votre district ainsi que des membres de la communauté (ex : parents, services communautaires, police).

2. Établissez vos besoins : Distribuez un questionnaire à vos étudiants afin d’identifier le montant d’incidents, les lieux des incidents (à l’école ou à l’extérieur de l’école) ainsi que des facteurs qui limiteraient la dénonciation d’incidents.

3. Assurez-vous qu’un programme contre l’intimidation est en place : Le programme devrait encourager l’empathie, l’intervention des pairs contre l’intimidation ainsi qu’une réponse efficace de l’administration scolaire lorsque des élèves soulèvent des incidences d’intimidation.

4. Révisez vos règlements et procédures liées à l’Internet : Les règlements devraient interdire l’utilisation de téléphones cellulaires et d’outils permettant de prendre des photos digitales afin de réduire les communications à contenu négatif.

5. Développement professionnel : Tout employé doit avoir des connaissances de base au sujet de la cyberintimidation et devrait être conscient des problématiques liées au sujet, surtout par rapport à la détection.

6. Éduquez les parents : Assurez-vous que les parents sont bien informés en partageant des stratégies visant à prévenir la cyberintimidation soit en la détectant, en intervenant, ainsi qu’en explicitant les conséquences que leur enfant subira s’il est trouvé coupable de cyberintimidation..

7. Éduquez les étudiants : Intégrez des leçons sur la cyberintimidation dans le curriculum actuel.

8. Évaluez : Évaluez les programmes de prévention et d’intervention de façon régulière afin de déterminer leur efficacité.

Tiré de Educator’s Guide to Cyberbullying: Addressing the Harm Caused by Online Social Cruelty par Nancy Willard, directrice du Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use. (Traduction libre)

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Respond to Cyberbullying: Prevention

Schools can take a proactive approach to support respectful online behaviour and prevent cyberbullying. School-wide policies and practices promote a positive relationship with technology for everyone.

8 Steps to a Comprehensive Approach to Address Cyberbullying

  1. Engage in participatory planning – Incorporate cyberbullying concerns into safe schools planning and include district technology staff as well as non-school participants (e.g. parents, community agencies, law enforcement) on the school safety committee.
  2. Conduct a needs assessment – Conduct a survey of students to identify incident rates, locations of incidents (at or outside school), and factors that may prevent incident reporting.
  3. Ensure an effective anti-bullying program is in place – Programs should encourage empathy, peer norms against bullying and effective administrative responses when students report bullying.
  4. Review and revise internet policies and procedures – Policies should prohibit use of mobile communication devices and digital image devices in school to engage in harmful communication.
  5. Conduct professional development – All staff need a basic understanding of cyberbullying and should be alerted to related issues, especially those around detection.
  6. Provide parent education – Keep parents informed, sharing strategies to prevent cyberbullying, how to detect it and intervene, as well as the potential consequences if their child is engaged in it.
  7. Provide student education – Incorporate lessons on cyberbullying into existing curriculum.
  8. Evaluate – Evaluate prevention and intervention program periodically to determine effectiveness.

From Educator’s Guide to Cyberbullying: Addressing the Harm Caused by Online Social Cruelty by Nancy Willard, Director, Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use.

Top 10 Tips


Compiled by cyberbullying experts Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin, this list of the top 10 tips for educators provides specific guidance for those in the school system to reduce the vulnerability of students to online harassment. From assessing the scope of the problem in your school to developing clear rules to cultivating a positive school climate, this document can guide you in your cyberbullying prevention efforts.

School Climate 2.0


Bullying isn’t new, but with the rise of social media and mobile phones, some of its venues are. In this book, cyberbullying experts Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin connect the off-campus, high-tech behaviours of students to the school environment and provide educators with a road map for developing a positive school climate that counteracts cyberbullying. Learn more on the book website.

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About our sources

Nancy Willard is director of the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use. She has degrees in special education and law, has taught « at risk » children and practiced computer law, and was an educational technology consultant before focusing on issues of youth risk online and management of student Internet use. Learn more…

Sameer Hinduja is an Associate Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida Atlantic University and Co-Director of the Cyberbullying Research Center. He is a member of the Research Advisory Board for Harvard University’s Internet Safety Task Force. Learn more…

Justin W. Patchin is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and Co-Director of the Cyberbullying Research Center. For more than a decade he has been exploring the intersection of teens and technology, with particular focus on cyberbullying, social networking, and sexting. Learn more…